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Higher education is of vital importance for the country, as it is a powerful tool to build knowledge-based society of the 21st Century. India possesses a highly developed higher education system which offers facility of education and training in almost all aspects of human creative and intellectual endeavours: arts and humanities; natural, mathematical and social sciences, engineering; medicine; dentistry; agriculture; education; law; commerce and management; music and performing arts; national and foreign languages; culture; communications etc.

Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD),GoI initiated an All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) in the year 2011 under a new plan Scheme Higher Education Statistics and Public Information System (HESPIS) across the States to build a robust database and to assess the correct picture of Higher Education in the country.

The main objectives of the survey are to (i) identify and capture all the institutions of higher learning in the country (ii) collect the data from all the higher education institutions on various aspects of higher education. The survey is an ambitious step towards gathering relevant statistics that could guide governments in States and Centres in devising future policies. The AISHE 2015-16 was launched by Hon’ble Minister HRD at New Delhi on 21.12.2015.The Minister suggested that State Universities in conjunction with regulatory bodies like AICTE should strive to update curriculum which may include industry participation, use of ICT enabled education, collaboration with international organisations to make education more dynamic and increase employability. The Minister congratulated the efforts of AISHE State Unit, Odisha along with Gujarat and Karnataka and suggested the other States to replicate the best practices undertaken by these States. The Survey highlighted the overall enrolment in higher education has increased from 27.5 million in 2010-2011 to 33.3 million in 2014-15. During the period the Gross Enrolment Ratio which is the ratio of enrolment of higher education to population in the eligible age group (18-23) years increased from 19.4% to 23.6 %. In the State of Odisha the GER increased from 16.1% to 17.5%.

The survey covered all the Institutions in Odisha as well as the country engaged in imparting the higher education. In Odisha, there has been a significant growth in Higher Education system with 25 Universities/Institution of National Imortance,1076 Colleges and 259 Stand Alone Institutions (DTET, SCERT, Nursing , Institutes under Ministries and PGDM Institutes) imparting knowledge in the State. Data are being collected on several parameters such as teachers, student enrolment, programmes, examination results, education finance, infrastructure etc. Indicators of educational development such as Institution Density, Gross Enrolment Ratio, Pupil Teacher Ratio, Gender Parity Index etc. are calculated from the data collected through AISHE. The report gives a comprehensive picture on the status of Higher Education in the State, useful for policy making and to accomplice a higher growth in Higher Education in the State with greater access, equity and quality. Dr. Rashmi Mishra is acting as the State Nodal officer.

image-gallery Dr. Rashmi Mishra, State Nodal Officer Delivering a Speech on AISHE at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi

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